Ricardo Gosalbo Bono. Antiguo Director en el Servicio Jurídico del Consejo de la UE. Profesor de Derecho en la Universidades de Salamanca y Libre de Bruselas
Aula 009 de la Facultad de Derecho
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PART I : INTRODUCTION
Lesson 1: Definition, Aims, And History of Comparative Law
1.- Definition of Comparative Law. 2.- The Aims of Legal Comparison. 3.- The History of Comparative Law. 4.- List of Available Materials, Collections, and databases on Comparative law.
Practical Illustrations: – Algera v. Common Assembly of the ECSC, Joined Cases 7/56 and 3 to 7/57, (1957) ECR 41 pp.55-56.
Lesson 2: The Classification of Laws
1.- The Multifarious Conceptions of the Law. 3.- The Classifications of the Legal Systems and Legal Traditions. 4.- The Different Methods of Comparison.
Practical Ilustrations: Malabo v. Quennsland (No 2) (1992) MCA 23;(1992) 175 CLR 1// Sunday Times v. The United Kingdom (1979)ECHR, Series A. No 30 at p.59
PART II: NATIONAL FOUNDATIONS OF EU LAW
Lesson 3: The Civil Law System
1.- The Legacy of Roman Law. 2.-The Contents of Roman Private and Public Law. 3.- The Legacy of Germanic Law. 3.- The Legacy of Christian Law. 4.- The Lex Mercatoria. 4.- The Distinction between Private and Public Law. 5.- The Distinction between Ordinary and Administrative Courts.
Practical Illustrations: Kinloch Damph Ltd v. Nordvik Salmon Farms, Scottish Court of Sessions, CA 29/14/99.
Lesson 4: French Law as the Model for the Romanistic Systems
1.- The Importance of French Law. 2.- A Short History of French Law. 3.- The Sources od French Law. 4.- The French Judiciary. 5.- French Private Law. 6.- French Public Law. 7.- The Distinctive Traits of the Spanish and Italian Laws.
Practical Illustrations: Sample of Book I of the French Civil Code///Case no. 1082243, Affaire Nicolo, Recueil Lebon, Conseil d’Etat 1989
Lesson 5: German Law as the Model for the Germanic Systems
1.- The Idiosyncrasies and History of German Law. 2.- The Sources of German Law. 3.- The German Administration of Justice. 4.- German Civil and Commercial Laws. 5.- German Public Law. 6.- German Criminal and Labour Laws. 7.-The Germanic Traits of Austrian and Swiss Laws.
Practical Illustrations: Sample of the Application of the Principle of Abstraction to the German Law of Contracts/// Ruling on the Lisbon Treaty, judgment by the German Constitutional Court of 30 June 2009, 2 BvE 2/08
Lesson 6: The Common Law System
1.-The Origins of the Common Law. 2.- The Distinction between Common Law and Equity. 3.- The Common Law Method. 4.- The Common Law Legacy.
Practical Illustrations: Sample of Writ of fieri facias (Writ No. 57 against personal representatives)/// J. Dainow, The Civil Law and The Common Law: Some Points of Comparison (1996-1967) 15 American Journal of Comparative Law pp. 419-435.
Lesson 7: English law as the Model
1.- The Origins of English law. 2.- The Sources of English law. 3.- The Importance of Judge-made Law and the Doctrine of Precedent. 4.- The Contents of English Common Law (Law of Persons, of Contract and of Tort). 5.-The Principles of English Equity. 6.- English Constitutional and Administrative Laws. 7.-A Brief Excursion into the Law of the United States.
Practical Illustrations: Wilkinson v. Downton (1897) 2 Q.B. 57 ( tort)/// Girozentrale v. Islington (1996) UKHL 12 (trust) ///Several Landmark Cases in USA Supreme Court History.
Lesson 8: The Law of the European Union as new Ius Commune
1.- The Influence of the Law of the EU Member States upon EU law. 2.- The General Principles of EU Law. 3.- The Original Traits of EU law. 4.- The Gradual Europeanisation of Private Law (Codification of Contract, Tort and Commercial Laws). 5.- The Gradual Europeanisation of Public Law.
Practical Illustrations: Liselotte Hauer v. Land Rheinland-Pfal, Case 44/79, (1979) ECR 3727///Sample of Model Contract for the International Sale of Goods///Sample of Model for the International Bill of Lading.
PART III: EUROPEAN AND OTHER LEGAL TRADITIONS COMPARED
Lesson 9: Russian, Chinese and Cuban Laws
1.- Russian Law and the Development of the Socialist Legal System. 2.- The Law of Contemporary Russia. 3.- The Legal System of the People’s Republic of China. 3.- Cuban Law.
Practical Illustrations: Samples of Recent Controversial Legislation in Russia/// The Fan Zhiyi Case and the Yu Qiuyu Case before Chinese Courts.
Lesson 10: Religious Legal Systems
1.- Islamic Law : its Developments through the Different Schools of law, the Contents of Sharia law, and the Law in contemporary Islam. 2.- The Jewish Legal Tradition. 3.- The Law of the Bahai Faith.
Practical Illustrations: Sample of Islamic Marriage Contract/// Sample of a Jewish gezeirah law.
Lesson 11: Traditional Laws
1.- The Traditional Hindu Law. 2.- The Traditional Laws of the Far East. 3.- The Customary Laws of Africa.
Practical Illustrations: The Fifteen Forbidden Aphorisisms (nivarita sutras) from the Saiva Dharmasastras/// Samples of African customs.
Lesson 12: Comparative Law and Related Subjects
1.- Comparative Law and International Law. 2.- Comparative Law and the Globalization of Law. 3.-Comparative Law and Private International Law. 4.- Comparative Law and Legal History.
Practical Illustrations: Advisory Opinion on the International Status of South-West Africa, ICJ Reports 1950,128 at p.148 per Lord MacNair.